IIT researchers find new ways to enhance performance of IT electronic products

  • The same researchers have come out with a mathematical tool that has the ability to accurately analyze these losses and assists in developing cutting-edge designs

When we buy basic IT-based electronic gadgets such as laptops and smartphones we are too worried about its performance, and longevity. Nowadays, there is massive competition in the gadget market and hence, there is a huge chance of buying not-so-good products. To change the scenario, researchers from IIT Jodhpur and IIT Mandi have come out with a unique solution that will perk-up the quality and life of electronic gadgets.

The researchers argue that even though there is a massive innovation in the manufacturing of chipsets, but the concepts used in designing electronic circuits for new gadgets is quite outdated. Hence to enhance the longevity and performance of these products, the components used in microchips must be designed optimally to minimize losses caused by fluctuating or erratic power supply.

To meet the same, the same researchers have come out with a mathematical tool that has the ability to accurately analyze these losses and assists in developing cutting-edge designs. The point to be noted is that these days, computers and mobile devices utilize very-large-scale integration (VLSI) technology in which millions of transistors can be put on lone silicon microprocessors.  A single chip is furnished with both analog and digital electronic components. A direct current mostly from an in-built battery powers these microprocessors.  The fluctuations in power supply, called power supply noise, occur due to multiple factors and are considered unavoidable in electronic systems.

The biggest transformation in technology is the replacement of vacuum tubes by transistors that were used in the early 1940s and 50s as primary components of computers for processing and memory.  The replacement also helped in manufacturing computers smaller, power-efficient, and low priced.  Then, after a gap of a couple of years, integrated circuits replaced transistors. On a microprocessor or integrated circuits, loads of transistors were placed and ultimately, VLSI technology was unleashed in the 1970s with which various elements and scores of transistors are integrated into a single silicon processor.

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